Tuesday, December 21, 2010


Those who dared for armed movement against the mighty British empire for real freedom-most of their immortal actions took place without people's knowledge............ Nobody wrote that glorious history in stone slab or copper plate. Most of their acts were done without any witnesses or evidences. So finding their real history is really hard.
                                                ------ Hemchandra Ghosh  (B.V.)


The whole thing was meticulously planned. The mutineers who called themselves soldiers of "Chattagram Republican Army"divided themselves into many groups and attacked different places.

18th April, 1930

10 o'clock at night
  • Gen. Anant Singh and Gen.Ganesh Ghosh, two spearhead of youth mutiny, were slowly approaching towards the District Police Line Armuory.
  • Another group lead by Gen Lokhnath Bol and Nirmal Sen headed for Auxiliary Force Armory.
  •  Meanwhile Ambika Chakraborty and his group had already destroyed all telephone and telegraph connections.
  • Then the jail, Imperial bank, police station, district court, ---everything would be captured one by one.Ultimately, the chaittagong would be LIBERATED COMPLETELY from British rule.


Gen. Anant Singh and Gen.Ganesh Ghosh were followed by Bidhu Bhattacharya, Haripada Mahajan, Himansu Sen& Saroj Guha------all in military uniform, armed & determined to fulfill their mission. 

The guards, standing over the tower, astonished-------who were those people slowly approaching towards the gate? But even before they could question, they got the answer---------revolvers of the two generals roared and everyone shouted at once...INQUILAB ZINDABAD ! BANDE MATARAM ! from all sides.

It was a perfect plan,....... hearing the slogans and sound of revolvers from all sides , the guards panicked anticipating that thousands of attackers were coming from all sides though originally they were few in number, and so they quickly abandoned their post and fled away.

All other small detachments of the group of mutineers, along with their leader Masterda, then gathered in the captured police line. One group quickly took guard around the building and another group entered the building after breaking the lock.

Rifle! Rifle! Rifle! Not only one or two but hundreds of Police musketry rifles , revolvers and cartridges. Gen.Ganesh Ghosh shouted, "company fall in" ....... Everyone took attention stance. then all loaded their rifle and fired at once. The soil of chittagong trembled with that sound.

                                       Musketry Rifle

On the other side of the city Gen.Loknath Bol and Gen. Nirmal Sen were leading another group of youths to capture the Auxiliary Military Force armoury. It was a military armoury and so it had advanced weapons like .303 rifles and Automatic Lewis Gun

                                            .303 Rifle

                                    Automatic Lewis Gun

Gen. Bol was disguised in British military uniform. The armed guards there first salute him , considering him some high ranked officer, but guns of the revolutionaries roared immediately, along with there shouting...........INQUILAB ZINDABAD! BANDE MATARAM!

Taken completely by surprise , the pathan guards abandoned their posts immediately.

Sgt. Major Ferel, the incharge there , ran outside his house with a loaded revolver but his curiosity was satisfied forever by a bullet in his chest. In his dying moments he called his wife to make a phonecall to Police station.

But how could she ring a telephone ...........all telephone & telegraph lines in the city was dead by then due to sabotage by a group led by Ambika Chakroborty.

Transportation was also crippled----------thanks to sabotage by youths like Lalmohan Sen, Sukumar Bhowmik, Haran Chowdhury, Subodh Mitra,Upen Bhattachrya, Shankar, Sushil Dey, Bijoy Aich & others.

Total 6 people were killed in this Auxiliary armory raid, but all were from British side.

After Major Ferel was killed, the strong steel gates were broken by pulling them with a motor car. Within the armoury there were a lot of arms........like .303 rifle or the Lewis gun, but alas, no ammunition were there. The bullets were kept elsewhere.

Suddenly Mr. Bleckbarn, Mr. Collen & another white officer arrived at the scene and were heartily welcomed by bullets. Mr. Collen laid wounded.......the rest ran away.

Arms were taken as much as possible. Rest were destroyed and the armoury was set on fire.

Suddenly district Magistrate Mr. Wilkinson arrived & to his utter surprise was welcomed by gunfire. His driver was killed but he fled with hid life.

In the meantime, Naresh Roy, Tripura Sen, Debprasad Gupta, Amarendra Nandi, Biren Dey & some others went to attack the Europian club to take revenge of the Jalianwala Massacre., but the day was a Good Friday and so no Europian was there in the club. Thus this mission failed.

Ultimately all mutineers gathered in the Headquarter ........the captured police line. Masterda Surya Sen hoisted the INDIAN NATIONAL FLAG along with bugle sound. All mutineers fired thrice with their rifles towards the sky. At last an interim military Govt. was set up with Surya Sen as it's head. He was given a guard of honour.

Everyone were happy, their dream had come true.....now it was only a matter of time to capture the jail, the court and the Imperial Bank.

But, suddenly automatic machine gun firing were heard.British were firing with an Automatic Lewis gun from the jetty. All took lying positions and return fired with their musketry rifles. Soon all became quiet.

Then the generals had to take a tough decision ...............  sixty muzzle loader musketry rifle would not hold long against Automatic Lewis gun firing in a face to face battle, so they ordered to take as much weapon as possible & set the whole police line ablaze. 

Himansu Sen executed this job,but unfortunately some petrol spilled over his clothes & caught fire instantaneously. He was badly burnt.

In no time Ananta Singha & Ganesh Ghosh took him in a car and rushed to the other part of the city to seek medical attention for him in a safehouse. Ananda Gupta & Jiban Ghosal also went with them.

The rest of the mutineers waited their for two hours for them but none of them returned.

Masterda feared that they had been arrested and a possible reinforcement had been arrived. So he decided that going to the city was not safe and ordered to march towards the nearby Sulukbahar hill.

Chattagram was liberated , completely from British domination, though only for few hours, it was literally liberated.

Though capturing chittagong does not mean liberation of the whole country, it was of utmost importance, because it set an example in front of a dying country that British can be defeated & defeated by ARMED REVOLUTION.



Gowariker was fortunate to find Binod Bihari Chowdhury, the only living revolutionary of the armoury raid, who was 19 then and now is 100-years-old, to tell the tale of that momentous occasion.
When the filmmaker of 'khele hum je jaan se' Mr Asutosh Gowariker was doing research for his movie, his team went to Chittagong (now in Bangladesh) to meet Chowdhury for a first-hand account of a little-known chapter in India’s history.
MiD Day called Chowdhury, who spoke on the phone, recalling the moment when he was inducted in the raid plan by Surjya Sen or Masterda (he was fondly called, as he was a school teacher).
Chowdhury said over the phone from Bangladesh, “I was barely out of my teens then but at the same time I was hell bent on actively participating in the revolutionary movement.
One of my friends had asked me to wait at a cemetery. I was told that Masterda will come and meet me there. After waiting for almost two hours he arrived.”
One could detect a childlike enthusiasm in him as he continued, “Masterda was initially not ready to take me into the revolutionary movement.
You can do much for society so I wouldn’t advise you to join the movement, Masterda told me. But I was determined and I kept arguing with him.”
Finally Masterda had to give in to Chowdhury’s undaunted determination.
“He hugged me and asked me if I was angry with him. I told him that yes initially I was a bit disheartened because he was not ready to make me a part of this freedom struggle but now I am elated,” adds Chowdhury.
Chowdhury from that day onward became an integral part of the Indian Republican Army, Chittagong branch.
“Liberation was our aim,” says the centenarian in a voice that defies his age.
Chowdhury’s memoirs, called Ognijhora Dingulo (The Flaming Days), captures the true spirit of valour and the courage of the young revolutionaries.
Chapters like My favourite village and My growing-up days give us an insight into 1930s undivided Bengal. The British rulers at the time had declared a reward of 500 taka on Chowdhury’s head. He served a seven-year jail term first under the British rule and then the Pakistani government.
Despite taking part in the uprising as a teenager and spending seven years in jail, Chowdhury did his post-graduation in English literature and a Bachelors degree in Law.

Thursday, December 16, 2010


        Hemchandra Ghosh spread the fire of revolution inspired people to join BENGAL VOLUNTEERS (B.V). Masterda SuryaSen,an active member of B.V led B.V in Chittagong. He & his co-members Ganesh Ghosh, Anant Singh, Ambika Chakroborty, Nirmal Sen,Loknath Bol developed a youth brigade in Chittagong.

                                              (SURYA SEN)

                                             (GANESH GHOSH)

                                            (GANESH GHOSH)

                                            (ANANT SINGH)

                                               (AMBIKA CHAKRABORTY)

                                           (LOKHNATH BOL)

    In 1929 11th May they got Netaji Subhas Bose amongst them. In a secret meeting Ganesh Ghosh, Anant Singh, Tripura Sen& others made it clear to Netaji that they just will not  remain like a military dressed, unarmed volunteers of Congress. They don't support non-violence policy of Congress. Under the mask of non-violence ,they want to prepare for armed youth revolution. Undoubtedly Netaji also supported their plan.

         At this point of time, Bengal's political sky was darkened centering the rivalry between Netaji & Jatindra Mohan Sengupta regarding Congress election in Bengal.The youth wanted Netaji as their leader in Congress, while the old Congress people wanted Sengupta. 

         This rivalry also spread among the revolutionaries. Masterda & his followers  wanted Netaji, while Anushilan Samity supported Sengupta. although Netaji won gloriously but the clash among revolutionaries could not be avoided. Sukhendu Dutta, a class 10 student & B.V activist in Chittagong got injured in the clash & died in hospital. In his funeral procession Netaji Subhas Bose walked bare footed.

          All revolutionaries wanted revenge, but Masterda calmly prevented them. He told all not to lose energy by fighting among themselves, but to prepare for a anti-British revolution.

          Meanwhile Hemchandra Ghosh was organizing B.V. He was an experienced campaigner. He realized previous all efforts of revolution failed because of lack of preparation.

          He first arranged for some hiding centers where the revolutionaries could hide when British police would start looking for them.

          B.V also developed a medical team for themselves. Dr.Satyendra Kumar Dutta, Dr.Durgadas Banerjee, Dr.Suren Bardhan, Dr.Provas Ghosh, Dr.Arun Nandy, Dr.Prakash Dutta, Dr.Animesh Ray, Dr.Jiten Sen& others came forward to help B.V. Some of them were even members of B.V. 

          A panel of  lawyers were also developed  who will fight cases for revolutionaries free of cost. Lawyers like Khagen Kar,Chintaharon Ray, Binoy Sen, Paresh Saha & others were  some who helped B.V.

          Then came the historic 1930. B.V were ready in different parts with arms,will & courage.The revolution started from Chittagong where Masterda & his courageous revolutionaries threw out British Govt & hosted tricolour Indian Flag.

Thursday, December 2, 2010


 The 1928 Calcutta Congress was of great importance in the history of Indian struggle for freedom. It was where Netaji invited the armed revolutionaries & the non-violent Congress to be united in one platform for one common purpose i.e. INDEPENDENCE. Netaji got the inspiration of this union from DESHBANDHU CHITTARANJAN DAS. He formed a group of men & women who were well-trained,well-disciplined & full of patriotism & sacrifice. SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE himself was the GOC (General Officer Commanding)This was the origin of  Bengal Volunteers ( B.V ). Under Major SATYA GUPTA, this group was trained manners, discipline, chivalry. They used to do march-past at Park Circus daily in uniform.

               Initially, they were developed to host a parade to welcome the then Congress President Mr. Motilal Nehru. Huge mass gathered at the road side & wathed  this parade. A wave of  patriotism spread into  the hearts of  million of rank & file present by the road side. Though many Indian leaders didn't like this. Gandhi criticized B.V as " CIRCUS OF PARK CIRCUS ".

                B.V included stalwarts like :
Masterda Surya Sen &Ambika Chakraborty(From Chittagong).
Surendra Mohan Ghosh ( From Maimansingha ).
Gyan Majumdar.
Madan Mohan Bhowmick ( From Dhaka ).
Bipin Bihari Ganguly, Arun Guha, Bhupen Dutta( From Calcutta ).
Satin Sen, Monoranjan Gupta ( From Borisal ).
Prabhas Chandra Lahiri ( From Rajshahi ) etc.
                Major Sattya Gupta travelled different parts of Bengal & developed small groups like B.V. These groups under Major Sattya Gupta joined with armed revolutionist HEMCHANDRA GHOSH's    MUKTI - SANGHA that revolutionized the freedom movement. Hemchandra Ghosh didn't stop making B.V just a mere movement but diversified it into an armed revolutionary group. Despite from the above mentiond, B.V delivered also many freedom fighters like:    

  • Jatin Das 
  • Panchanan Chakraborty
  • Pratul Bhattacharya
  • Jagadish Chatterjee
  • Binod Chakraborty
  • Jotish Joardar
  • Benoy Basu
  • Dinesh Gupta
  • Nani Chowdhury
  • Sourav Ghosh
  • Ananta Singha
  • Ganesh Ghosh
  • Lokhnath Bol etc.

  1. B.V acted as a platform to spread the fire of armed revolution throughout the country from 1928 upto independence
  2. B.V moverment led to mass awareness & motivation to serve the nation & fight for independence.
  3. B.V activities pointed strongly about the importance of DISCIPLINE & ORGANISATION in our freedom movement, which were lacking at that time.

Wednesday, December 1, 2010


                                UDHAM SINGH

13th April,1919 Jalianwalabag

Soil of punjab became red in the blood of thousand of innocent people. Old , children, even pregnant women were not spared from the firing ordered by Governor O'dier & perfectly executed by Gen. Harry Dier.

         Not just that, forcing the dignified Indian citizen to crawl on open street, beating up youngs without reason, forcefully removing clothes of women in open places---------------these were daily sports for those CIVILISED British officers.

          When the news spread the whole nation bewildered .

          Tagore gave up his knighthood condemning the act, even many Indian members of the British Viceroy's council resigned.  But do u know guys, in response to these what Brigadier Harry Dier said, "alas, we didn't have any more bullets. The ally was so narrow that we could not bring the machineguns. If we could i would be the happiest man."

      Micheal O'dier also praised him.The same voice echoed from the HOUSE OF LORDS in london. They CONGRATULATED him for this 'ACT OF HEROISM'. British aristocrats went even further,they AWARDED Harry Dier with 26500 pounds.

       The 'HERO' did not stop yet.He wrote a book called 'India as i know it'.where he wrote Indians don't deserve to be human, they should not be considered nothing more than animals.....

       Well guys did Hitler showed more hatred to Jews than these?????

       Even now some people think very highly of British Raj....well the history mentioned above tells somethoing else......

        Guys, now hardly anybody knows about Udham Singh.He was just a boy of 15 years at the time of Jalianwalabag massacre but on that day he took a vow for revenge.
         13th May 1940, london, 21 year after Jalianwalabag.........

          Harry Dier died due to illness by then but Governer O'dier was still alive.   At afternoon O'dier went to a meeting at Tudor hall. Udham Singh were among the guests. suddenly  his eyes sparked in fury..........who is that man entering the room???..........blood thirsty O'dier.

          The shooting distance was too great, so he waited. At the end of the meeting O'dier came closer to him. Udham Singh took position & shot O'dier from point blank range with all 6 bullets of his revolver.

           Police immediately came and arrested him, to all others' astonishment he happily walk away with police such   as the ultimate goal of his life was fullfilled.

           In  court he said that his name is Ram Mohammad Sing Azad, because he is not only punjabi or sikh.......he is an Indian; so as his name............Ram (hindu), Mohammed(muslim), Singh(sikh), Azad( means independence).

            He was hanged on 1st may,1940............even before his death he never lost his joyfull mood & kept saying that he has no regrets...

               Now a days, hardly anybody knows his name but at that time not only all Indian but even few British people congratulated him for taking revenge of our national disrespect.

                                  UDHAM SINGH after being arrested

Tuesday, November 30, 2010


In the history of Indian struggle for independence, it is very hard to find a strange character like PARESH ROY.

He was reckoned to be a spy of British Govt. to his kith & kin and friends.But, was he really a betrayer to his country?

Certainly not, only a few top most leaders of BENGAL VOLUNTEERS (B.V was an underground revolutionary group organised by Subhas Chandra Bose during 1928 Kolkata Congress. It was led by Major Satya Gupta) knew the real identity. But to serve the country he took the disguise of a spy & heartily accepted dishonor,disgrace & hatred from the countrymen for doing such work, at that period when patriotism was at its full hipe.

Paresh played a master stroke.In the reign of the British Empire,he trapped an English IPS Officer in a very clever way

The IPS Officer was terribly alcoholic & used to spend all his sal;ary by the middle of the month.At that time Paresh acted as a saviour for him & encouraged him to drink more assuring to pay his family expenses in time.

But in return, Paresh forced the officer to allow him to take away some important files from the police department assuring to return back within few days.These practice continued for years & thus B.V leaders managed to receive all the reports about them & their organization filed in the police department in advance. These helped B.V to dodge several arrests of their members & plan different programs.

In 1940, when Netaji was imprisoned & the Govt. didn't express any expression of releasing him. B.V leaders recalled Paresh to find a way. Paresh again forced the officer to reveal a possible way of Netaji's release. At first, the officer didn't comply.

But under continue pressure from Paresh, he ultimately revealed a way i.e. if Netaji becomes ill & appeals for his release, he may succeed.

Netaji hardly believed that when the news was conveyed to him. But when he was shown the police file about him brought by Paresh, Netaji was astonished.

Few days latter, Netaji complained of suffering from severe pain in the abdomen & started hunger strike, voices raised all over the country about illegal imprisonment of Netaji. Finally on December 5, 1940 Netaji was released from jail but was house-arrested.

On 17th Jan,1941 Netaji fled from his house which marked an era of Indian history. This big event would have not been possible if Paresh Roy had not done that great work. But nobody knows his name. Let us salute this great son of India.